PUC*

The People's Urbanity of China

by: Saskia Vendel, Neville Mars

中华人民城市

人口的集中和中国内部的活跃性迫使我们重新思考城市化和人口密度。在中国人民的城市之中,人口统计结合社会与经济的力量使得的城市化进程在一个不被人所见的规模下迅猛发展。远离大城市的地方所实行的用以发展城市化的政策正在刺激着一些分散的不发达地区(政策性扩张)。向大城市的迁移总是带有暂时性的本质(滚动式移民)而且总是发生在城市的周边。随着新的城市化形式在乡村和城镇级别的地区出现,好像是门槛一样,城市化和阶级分化引领着发展模式,并且有几十年了。这刺激着城市的蔓延。同样,基础工业化和政府计划经济还有工业开发区对投资和人口向郊区和农村迁移起着推动作用。中国城市化的概念是矛盾的。中国的城市前景清楚地集中在这个国家三分之一的土地上。计划人口增长和城市化土地面积的增长对一个持续增长的城区密度来说还缺乏一致性;城市与农村的环境在逐渐靠拢,就业和工业集中正在刺激着紧凑的城市增长和更大的迁移定居。这不仅仅是为了更高效率和更持久地规划,同样也是为了让中国可以持续地向一个繁荣和发达的国家迈进。

“中华人民城”引入了一个悖论。中国的城市基本上集中在国土的三分之一处;而对2020年预测的人口增长和建筑增量均显示,这一地区将达到连贯的城市密度,尽管它们的不均匀。当中国朝着高度依赖郊区道路的方向大步前进时,城市与农村的区别正在稳步消失。所剩的空间已经不够套用美国的郊区式解决方案了。所以要发展以大型居住区为主的紧凑的城市是非常关键的,这可以通过鼓励就业机会并刺激集中发展的政策来实现——这不仅是为了效率更高、可持续发展的布局——更是为了让中国朝着繁荣和先进的方向发展。

The concentration of people and activity within China forces us to rethink the urban and population density numbers. Within the limits of PUC* the combined demographic, social, and economic forces give rise to hyper-speed urbanization on an unseen scale. The policies installed to keep this urbanization away from large cities is stimulating scattered low level developments (policy sprawl*). Migration to the larger cities is often of a temporary nature (rollover migration*), and mainly contributes to peripheral urbanization. As a result, new forms of urbanization at the village and township level have emerged, such as doorstep urbanization* and brickification*. The intensity of recent mushrooming suggest village growth will dictate expansion patterns for decades to come. These phenomena represent the most space extensive settlement types. In addition, both grassroots industrialization (TVEs*) and officially planned economic and industrial development zones act as pull fact ors for investments and migrants away from the urban core. The concept of PUC* introduces a paradox. China’s urban landscape is distinctly concentrated on one-third of the nation’s surface. The projected growth of both population and built-volume for 2020 reveals over layered areas with the density of a continuous urban region, yet without such coherence. The distinction between urban and rural conditions is steadily lost as China moves towards a hyper-suburban road dependent landscape. The space available however won’t possibly allow for suburban solutions such as have emerged in the US. Stimulating the compact urban growth of larger settlements through job incentives and policies which concentrate development will be pivotal – not just for a more efficient and sustainable layout - but to allow China to keep evolving toward a prosperous and advanced nation.




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Tags

  • jin hu
  • north china plane
  • rural urban hybrid
  • saskia
  • splatter pattern
  • the chinese dream
  • urban village

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