Dynamic City Foundation

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The Chinese Dream - a society under construction

In 2003 Neville Mars founded the The Dynamic City Foundation (DCF) 动态城市基金会 ; a research and design institute focused on the rapid transformations of China's urban landscape. The conceptual underpinning of his work is based on the notion of urban growth as essentially evolutionary. This concept is described in his book on Chinese urbanization titled The Chinese Dream - a society under construction (010 Publishers, Mars and Hornsby, Rotterdam 2008). Since publication Mars has developed a number of sustainable urban plans for cities in China.

Currently
The DCF has been invited by the Dutch Government to organize a multidisciplinary research project to be presented at the Shanghai World Expo 2010. The BARC project works with 5 Dutch and 5 Chinese renowned design firms to produce an integrated sustainable vision for the city of Caofeidian in Hebei. See http://burb.tv/view/B.A.R.C.

THE DYNAMIC CITY FOUNDATION (DCF)

The Dynamic City Foundation is an international research and design platform investigating the rapidly changing urban environment of China.


The DCF office is based in Beijing where it has developed the Urban China 2020 project since 2004. The goal of the project is in-depth study of what the outcome of China's flash-urbanization might be and how designers can respond to this process. The objective to build four hundred new cities by the year 2020, as formulated by the former Chinese Minister of Civil Affairs, provides this project with its research framework and its name: Urban China 2020. Central question is how to benefit from the dynamic forces at hand? The result is the book The Chinese Dream - a society under construction (010 Publishers, July 2008). For an illustrated introduction download a pdf of excerpted pages. Office address and DCF contact details here.

In a multidisciplinary team of sociologists, planners and designers the DCF does research and develops a catalog of design prototypes suitable for the increasingly market-driven conditions of the PR-China. Goal is to achieve strong cities in a clearly defined network by the year 2020 (sketch on the right). The work is presented in the form of models, workshops and [videos ]. In addition a number of descriptive essay will be produced. The results have been presented in exhibitions in China and Europe (Millennium Museum, Beijing; Guangzhou Triennial; DIAF international art festival, Beijing, Trace de Chine, Paris; Architects in Booming China, Amsterdam). The Urban China 2020 research results are published in this portal on which offers a global stage for discussion feedback on the urbanization of China. In addition all dynamic media such as movie clips, sound and the DCF image database is available.
dynamic density
The DCF has used the magnitude of the Chinese objective to its advantage and treat it as the starting point for a new design and planning strategy; Dynamic Density. This strategy aims to tackle sprawl and increase compactness over time; compactness not merely as a way to achieve efficiency and sustainability, but as a social necessity for the future of cities. The strategy acknowledges that density in the contemporary metropolis is subject to constant change. Dynamic Density is developed as an integrated strategy from a regional planning perspective to the architectural scale - further reading on Dynamic Density.

Initial research premise
The pace and scale of China’s transformation makes it almost unapproachable; existing tools and strategies have become hopelessly ineffective. From a planner’s perspective of regulation and conciliation such turbulent urban dynamics are alien and its ingredients precarious. Still in 2003 a project has been formulated that aims to map and respond to the landscape that is emerging in China. Urban China 2020 is the interdisciplinary research project initiated by the Dynamic City Foundation. Its only framework is the massive urbanization that still has to take place the coming decades. It scale is best illustrated by a proposal put forward in 2001 by the former Minister of Civil affairs that stated the goal to build 400 new cities by the year 2020.

Though no longer an official objective as many as 400 million to 1 billion farmers will, anticipated or not, arrange their lives in an urban fashion. This amounts to as much new urban space as 400 large cities, or indeed an entirely new urban continent. How this process will unfold is undetermined.
evolution of network of Chinese - CLICK twice to see the growth scenario from fortified, to sprawled back to compact.

The social divide between city and countryside is nowhere more clearly delineated than in China. Throughout history the two conditions have coexisted as parallel worlds dependent on each other. Even the farmers’ revolution did not bring these worlds together; indeed the communist era has delivered an almost insurmountable gap between peasants and urbanites. The spatial distinction between countryside and city, between rural and urban is steadily lost. The fringe of the cities is rapidly expanding and turning all but a few areas in partly urbanized regions. This century is promised to bring affluence to a new urban middle class and it will bring an urban lifestyle to a growing rural population. The rural reform is taken place against all odds, beyond the control of planners and policy makers. Halfway from primary to secondary economy, from farmland to the factory floor the urbanizing migrant is left to live in barracks reminiscent of the most primitive dormitories of the communist era. The signs of a shift towards an advanced society are omnipresent.

The project aims to shed light on the spatial impact and obstacles China’s urbanization will generate. The different angles in the book aim to render a picture of the future of urban China. The format is a scrapbook, a collective of ideas and observations; partly analytical, partly descriptive, sometimes scientific other times intuitive. It illustrates that the formation of 400 new cities albeit unregulated is already taking place. Indeed one mega-city of over 400 million inhabitants can be distinguished. This website and the ensuing book rather than achieving a finite conclusion it aims to present the relationship between a multitude of concepts that contribute to the vision for the year 2020.


3345 3346 3347
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DCF WORKS

Specializing in design research of green solutions for fast changing urban environments, the Dynamic City Foundation manifests its findings in a range of [media ] form publications to buildings to large artistic interventions. It dismantles long-term observations, spatial concepts, urban theory, and ideas along all lines to create tangible works of art. DCF is uniquely future-focused, and scientific about its imaginings at a time when closed-circuit televisions patrol streets, where deterritorialized space extends beyond nationhood, and in which urban sprawl spills beyond borders, requiring cultural, physical, and virtual space to be woven together densely as a synthetic mesh. Regarding Chinese cities not only as enormous, chaotic organisms, but as laboratories for global forces, DCF provides refreshing insights in an era of dangerous flash urbanization, in which there is no time to imagine a long-term future.

Past DCF exhibitions have included: FREEZE, a futuristic Noah’s Ark of ideas that forces the observer to imagine the world as it is today, in terms of flow and movement, beyond physical and political boundaries; Neon Dream, an animated city on a blinding neon wall, surrounding The Chinese Knot, a beguiling mass of highways tangled about China's Forbidden City; the multimedia model Beijing Boom Tower, accommodating all Chinese society in a single megablock; the interactive installation Beijing Real Time, allowing users to play a strategic game with Beijing’s sprawl over a Ming Dynasty table, and Golden Inflation, a luminous landscape of solid gold rendered in the form of inflatable golden mountains, exploring the nature of commerce, dreams, and the ineffable. DCF also guest edited #35 of Urban China Magazine and published its own BURB Magazine, a publication from the future that documents urban, political, and cultural issues in the year 2020 with a cynical wink to China's present.

Concerning one of the most rapidly growing countries in the world, DCF’s interventions thread together architectural, cultural, and political space by rejecting traditional boundaries. The installations are frequently larger than life, combining models, videos and interactive components demanding the participation of the audience. Simultaneously they challenge issues of generic space, personal space, identity, political interventions, notions of density, identity, social sustainability, reality, and what it means to live in a world of uncontrollable urban growth. Attuned to the new Chinese social condition, its conceptions are at once radical and welcoming, utopian and dystopian, obsessively detailed, and serious about the fantastical.

http://burb.tv/_f/o/00/00/10_Freeze-installation.jpg

BURB 2: expanding as fast as the city ~ 和城市发展的一样快!

The speed of transformation demands a flexible and dynamic medium. This portal will publish the open-source research in annual installments or BURBs. The first BURB - the Chinese Dream is just completed and here available. For 2007 our new BURB just opened for contributions Super Satellites, the research of China's mushrooming new towns, their design, success and problems. Can an entirely new city really be engineered successfully?

活力城市基金会与中国城市2020计划

改革开放以惊人的速度推动着中国城市和市民们的发展。从沿海开放城市到乡村,中国的每一村土地都被现代化冲击着。在快速的进步、不发达地区分散的市场发展力、死板的共产主义统治集团、大量的人口迁移和严格的城市户口系统的冲突下,城市中的变化、冲突,和矛盾,被提升了。

动态城市基金会 (DCF)

动态城市基金会(DCF)是一个国际性的研究设计平台,其主要职能是调查快速改变的中国城市环境,并对相关问题作出解决方案。

动态城市基金会(DCF)设立在北京大山子798艺术区,从2004年起,它开始致力于发展《中国城市2020》计划。这一计划的目标是深度研究中国城市闪电式发展可能产生的后果以及设计师们如何对此作出反应。正如前中国民政部部长所提出的:到2020年中国要建设400个新兴城市;这一目标正好给动态城市基金会的计划命名为UC2020,并为其提供了研究框架。

在一个拥有社会学家、城市规划师以及建筑设计师们等众多不同专业的成员的小组里,DCF制定了一个设计原型的目录,用以适应中国日益增长的由市场推动的社会环境。该目的就在于,到2020年,使中国的城市在一个明确定义的网络里发展强大。整个计划会通过模型、车间和视频的形势来展现。 额外地,还会有一些叙述性的文章。 这些成果已经在中国和欧洲的展览中展示过了。 中国城市2020研究结果通过这种方式来公开,这种方式为中国城市化的讨论反馈提供了一个全球性的阶梯。而且,所有的动态媒介,比如视频剪辑,声音和DCF图片文件都在此被提供。

中国的发展目标是强大的,DCF把这种能量作为一种优势来对待,正是一个新的设立和规划策略的起点:活力密度。这一策略制旨在解决城市蔓延和提高城市耐久的简洁度;简洁度不仅仅作为取得高效率和持久性的方法,而且也是一个社会对于城市未来的必然性。 关于现代大都市密度的策略知识是一连续变革为条件的。它是作为一个综合的从地区发展远景到建筑等级的策略。

研究前提

中国发展的步伐和规模使其几乎难以让人找到研究的出发点;现存的工具和策略已经无效。从一个规划者的常规视角和安抚的角度来看,吵闹与城市活力是背道而驰的,而且城市发展地很不稳定。中国城市2020是一个融合各学科的研究。它唯一的框架就是中国未来巨大的城市化进程。它的研究规模包含了到2020年时的400个新兴城市。

尽管中国官方没有制定目标,但是中国400万到10亿的农民,无论是期待与否,都会以城市的方式来安排他们的生活。这个数量恰好足够作为400个大城市的移民,甚至是成为一个新的城市大陆。这个进程如何开展尚未确定。

在中国,城市和农村之间的社会分化已经被描述的不能再清晰了。贯穿历史,这两个社会群体共存,就像是互相依赖的两个平行的世界。就算农村实行改革也无法使两者融合;信奉共产主义的时代在农民和城里人之间建立了一条几乎不可逾越的鸿沟。农村与城市的空间区别被拉大。城市的边沿不断地迅速扩张,把除了一小部分之外的所有区域全都变的多多少少地有点城市化;在这个世纪就要把富裕带给新城市的中产阶级,并且把城市风格带给正在增长的乡村人口。农村改革是无可避免的,它超越了规划者和政策制定者的束缚。在从原始经济到中等经济迈进的途中,从农田到工厂,城市移民正在离开原始的军营式的简陋住房。向一个优越的社会飞速前进的脚步是无法阻挡的。

这个计划的目的在于发现并解决中国城市化带来的空间冲击和负面影响。通过不同的角度展现一个城市化中国的未来发展蓝图。这个形式是一个粘贴簿,是一个想法和观察的集合;既带有分析,也带有描述,有时也带有科学的直觉。它图解说明了尽管400个新兴城市的形成还不规则,但是变革却已经正在发生了。实际上一个超过400万人的大都市是可以被辨别的。这个网页和即将出版的图书不仅是论证了一个结论,它呈现给人们的是众多的关于2020年前景的概念之间的关系。

发展的速度需要一个灵活的动态的媒介。这个路径将会在每年一次的公开发表中或是在BURB中,公布出以开放资源为方式的研究。第一期的BURB——《中国梦》刚刚完成,并且已经推出。2007年新的BURB主题是关于超级卫星城,研究中国迅速增长的新城镇,针对它们的设计、成功和问题作出相应调查。

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